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Tuesday, January 15, 2019

How Pregnancy Affects Teeth

Pregnancy is a sensitive phase in life. A lot of hormonal changes takes place. Acids and hormones enter the system and cause some effects otherwise not visible. During this phase, it’s common to see some pregnant women with swollen and sore gums or gums that bleed. This happens due to a build-up of plaque on the teeth.

More so, the hormonal changes that are common to pregnancy can make gums susceptible to plaque which leads to inflammation and bleeding. We can call this gum disease or in simple terms, pregnancy gingivitis. Some other dental problems may also strike women during this phase, and a superior oral care is required.

    With so may top dentists around, pregnant ladies can heave a sigh of relief at the level of help available to them. So, seek immediate dental consultation and maintain the health of your teeth and gums always.

    Dental health signs or symptoms during pregnancy
    • Bad breath
    • Gums that bleed when you brush the teeth
    • Gums that may hurt when touched
    • Loose teeth
    • Oral lumps or mouth sores or other growths
    • Gums that are red, red purple, sore, shiny or swollen
    • Toothache or pain in the teeth and gums

    Quite clearly, pregnant women are prone to oral health problems and they should always make it a point to consult the dentist as this will help them stay on the right side of their oral health.

    Effects of Pregnancy on Dental Health

    Changes in during pregnancy phase can affect the teeth and gums in more ways than women generally believe. This is a phase characterized by more blood, more acid and more hormones in the body. And when chemicals are there in the body, this is bound to affect oral health. Some of oral health problems are described below.

    1. Gingivitis

    Gingivitis is one of the most common dental problems during pregnancy. It’s characterized by red, sore or swollen gums. in this phase, the gums generally bleed when women do brush their teeth. Gingivitis also strikes due to the presence of high levels of progesterone hormones in the body. This problem however is entirely preventable, and you can consult the dentist and allow the problem to become a serious gum disease or periodontitis.

    2. Loose teeth

    Pregnant women may experience loose teeth which is resulted during to hormonal and chemical changes in the body. The hormones, progesterone and oestrogen, are common during pregnancy and their levels go up. They this can affect the very bones and tissues providing support to the teeth and keeping them in place. This is how loose teeth can happen.

    3. Periodontitis

    Several studies have shown how pregnant ladies are prone to gum diseases or how pregnancy is a time when gum disease risks go up considerably. Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease and it strikes when gums have swelling or infection. This condition can weaken the bones supporting the teeth. So, women can experience loose teeth.

    4. Pregnancy tumours

    Tumours are quite common during pregnancy. They however are not a cause of worry due to their non-cancerous nature in most part. The tumours during this phase are mostly lumps formed on swollen gums in between teeth. These tumours are most the result of too much plaque, so bleeding is obvious out of them. In most cases, they will go away on own but if they persist, you can consult the dentist and get them surgically removed after the delivery of the child.

    5. Tooth decay

    Tooth decay risk is always there during pregnancy. There is acid all around in the mouth which can make the tooth enamel erode or break gradually. The high levels of acid in the mouth during pregnancy are the reason why tooth decay happens. Similarly, ladies with morning sickness or those who throw up often will have greater risk of tooth decay due to more acids in the mouth.

    6. Tooth loss

    Being pregnant is never easy from oral health view. There is always serious teeth and gums problems lurking in the shadow and waiting to strike. Serious tooth decay and gum disease are quite natural during this phase. And if these problems are not treated in a timely manner, they can lead to tooth loss or they can force your teeth to fall out.

    7. Dry Mouth

    Many pregnant women experience this problem of dry mouth. This may be result of medications which can hamper the production of saliva in the mouth. You however can stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water through the day and keep this harmless problem out of the way. You can chew sugarless gum or candy to produce more saliva in the mouth.

    8. Excessive Saliva

    Lack of saliva is not the only problem can pregnancy can bring. Sometimes, but less commonly, some women may also face a surfeit of saliva in their mouth which mostly happens during the early phase of the pregnancy. This problem generally goes away by the end of the first trimester and if it persists, you can consult the dentist for help.

    Oral Care Tips During Pregnancy

    • Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and clean gently yet thoroughly to remove all the plaque
    • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid erosion to the enamel and keep your teeth risk free
    • Stay away from sugary items and even if you can’t resist the temptation, focus more on oral care
    • Cut down on acidic foods like tea, coffee etc. to avoid harm to your teeth
    • Don’t smoke, don’t drink and drink lots of water
    • If you have nausea and vomiting, rinse the mouth with plain water each time and neutralize the harms of the acid
    • Avoid brushing immediately after consuming something acidic in nature
    • Consult the dentist for any problems to your teeth and gums

    In overall, pregnancy is a time of great care and you must not take your oral health causally during this phase. You can consult or visit best dental clinic and stay on top of your dental health during this key phase in life.

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    Author: Sawoni Chowdhury

    Sawoni Chowdhury is an aficionado of writing. She is an expert writer and blogger and shares her views and opinions on a range of topics such as Lifestyle, Business, Entertainment and lot more.

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