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Monday, July 30, 2018

Feeling Anxious? Know the main reasons behind this!

At some point of life, everyone experience occasional anxiety, like at the time of the exam, interview, test results and other nervous situations it is normal to feel anxious. Both children and adults have these feelings and normal anxiety lasts for a short time. But, anxiety can become abnormal when it causes harm to the body either physically or mentally and continues for a long duration.

    What is Anxiety?

    Anxiety is the commonly occurring symptom of many diseases that cause worry, fear and uneasiness. It is an emotional and unpleasant feeling which can be mild or severe. The expectations and threat of future is the real fear of Anxiety. This illness is often accompanied by restlessness, problems in concentration, muscular tension, and fatigue. The chronic symptoms of anxiety affect daily life and capability to function.

    What are the Symptoms of Anxiety?

    Symptoms of anxiety can be psychological and physical and it can vary from person to person. Each person's body gives a specific response to anxiety. Usually, when someone feels anxious, the body goes on high alert and the person finds the probable dangers.

    Common symptoms of anxiety are:

    • Feeling panic and danger: It is the most occurring symptoms in the patient of anxiety. The panic attack is the intense fear recognized by its suddenness and devastating, immobilizing intensity. It can occur at any time whether the person is asleep or relaxed. Commonly, the panic feeling makes a person feels endangered and incapable of escaping and activating the fight-or-flight reaction of the body.
    • Insomnia: Anxiety may lead to insomnia, unhealthy sleep habits, due to tension, unnecessary worrying about upcoming situations, overburdening the responsibilities and thoughts about earlier events. It can be associated with maintenance insomnia (waking up in between night and not get sleep again) or onset insomnia (a problem in falling asleep).
    • High heart rate: Anxiety is the direct response to the body to harmful situations and stressful feelings, which elevate the heartbeat similar to the symptoms of atrial fibrillation (cardiovascular disease). Initially, the signs observed during the anxiety include heart racing or palpitation.
    • Rapid breathing: The powerful explode of anxiety can lead to sudden rapid breathing and possible hyperventilation which is accompanied by giddiness, chest pain, disorientation and a high heart rate.
    • Thinking or focusing problem: The person usually experiences thinking and focusing problem during anxiety. The difficulties include poor concentration, trouble conceiving, and difficulty forming thoughts, unfocused and not remembering.
    • Gastrointestinal problems: Person with anxiety experiences many digestive issues such as gas, diarrhoea and constipation. The digestive tract is very sensitive to minor changes in the body like stress. Consistent sleep problems like insomnia from anxiety can create physical stresses that eventually contribute to raising digestive issues.
    Other than the above symptoms, anxiety leads to the sensation of choking, sweating, feeling hot or cold, fear of dying, etc.

    Causes of Anxiety

    Anxiety can be caused by genetic factors, environmental factors and medical factors.

    Genetically, family history of mental condition can be the cause of anxiety is some people, but it does not occur in every case, some people do not exhibit anxiety even having a family history of mental health conditions.

    Environmental factors like stress from a job, personal relationship, school, traumatic event, finances, or even a shortage of oxygen in high-altitude areas can be the cause of anxiety.

    In term of signal for the critical health condition. The disorders associated with anxiety are called anxiety disorders which include various mental condition like:
    • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    • Panic disorder
    • Social phobia
    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    • Simple phobias

    Treatment of Anxiety disorders

    Many patients seek anxiety consultation & treatment for anxiety symptoms. In general, treatment of anxiety disorder recommended by doctors includes medication, exposure therapy, support group, talk therapy and self-talk. These treatments have a significant effect on the improvement of symptoms of anxiety in many people.

    Therapy for Anxiety disorders

    Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)

    It is a well-known, lasting and effective psychotherapy treatment for anxiety disorders which focuses on changing the pattern of thinking, understanding and behaviour. Benefits of this therapy generally seen in 12-16 week which depends on each. During the treatment, patients show improvement in the learning skills. The patients need to be active in the health improvement during this therapy.

    Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE)

    It is a particular type of CBT used to treat PTSD and phobias. In this therapy, the therapist leads the patient to utilize coping techniques such as mindfulness or relaxation treatment or imagery.

    Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

    It uses a skill-based approach to control the patient's emotion. It is also useful for PSTD. It develops skills to regulate the emotions, stress, mindfulness, and interpersonal effectiveness.

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

    Along with behaviour and commitment change, this therapy uses strategies of mindfulness and acceptance to cope with feelings, unwanted thoughts and sensation. It encourages patient to come back into normal life with positive thoughts and positive behaviours. It is useful for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and depression. With the severity of disease, duration of therapy varies.

    Other therapies

    Other than above there are more therapies which treat anxiety disorders like Family Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitizationtreatment. Always consult doctors for the right treatment of anxiety disorder and ask from them about the benefits and side effects. The medications can also have some side effects such as include nausea, headache, flat feeling and drowsiness. In case of any significant side effects do consult your doctor before stopping it.

    Author: Andrianna Riggs

    Andrianna Riggs is a lady on a journey to self-discovery. A traveller, music lover, soccer fan, healthcare information seeker and health conscious. She has learned a lot through her escapades, and is happy to pass that knowledge on to you. She works for the website

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