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Friday, December 29, 2017

Are you pregnant? Then your life is about to be changed forever and hopefully it will be for the better. Naturally, this phase of your life is marked by a lot of turbulence that can have an everlasting impact on your body and mind.

Just like a caterpillar emerges as a butterfly after drastic transformation similarly, after pregnancy you gain a whole new life as you are blessed with your bundle of joy.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Today at The Health and Disease Blog we will discuss about the clinical features (symptoms and signs including physical examination findings) of heart failure. In our previous article regarding heart failure we discussed about the definition, causes, prognosis, epidemiology and the New York Heart Association Classification of Heart Failure.

Clinical Features (Symptoms & Signs) of Heart Failure

Thursday, September 28, 2017

When you were a child, your care wasn’t left strictly up to your parents. You had teachers, babysitters, and perhaps even grandparents or elderly aunts and uncles that helped out and took an interest in your well-being. As these caregivers age, they too may need a helping hand. There is no better way to acknowledge their sacrifices on your behalf than to return the favor.

Unfortunately, that can be a challenge when you don’t live in the same neighborhood, or even the same state. It’s not like you can drop off groceries and prescriptions on your way home or even pop in for a quick cup of coffee. This can make you feel a bit helpless, but there are things you can do from the comfort of your own home, no matter the distance that blocks your path. This starts by understanding the challenges seniors often face.

The Burden of Care: Helping Seniors From Afar

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Today at The Health and Disease Blog we will discuss about Heart Failure. Heart failure, often called congestive heart failure (CHF) or congestive cardiac failure (CCF), is a common, usually progressive condition with a poor prognosis. Because many patients present without signs or symptoms of volume overload, the term “heart failure” is preferred over the older term “congestive heart failure.”

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Today we will continue our discussion on nephrotic syndrome. In our previous article regarding nephrotic syndrome we have discussed the causes, prognosis, basic pathophysiology, and diagnostic investigations of nephrotic syndrome. In this article we will elaborate on the pathophysiology of nephrotic syndrome as well as discuss its differential diagnoses, complications and treatment.

Nephrotic Syndrome: Pathophysiology, Differential Diagnosis, Complications, Treatment

In this article we will focus mainly on the definition of nephrotic syndrome, its causes, basic pathophysiology, prognosis and diagnostic investigations. We have another article for you which elaborates on the pathophysiology of nephrotic syndrome, its treatment, complications and differential diagnoses.

What Is Nephrotic Syndrome? 

Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by:

  • Hypoalbuminemia 
  • Massive proteinuria: >3.5 g proteinuria/day 
  • Dyslipidemia 
  • Salt and water retention, leading to generalized edema (anasarca)
  • Microscopic hematuria
  • Hypertension

If left undiagnosed or untreated, some of these syndromes will progressively damage enough glomeruli to cause a fall in GFR, producing renal failure.

Nephrotic Syndrome: Causes, Pathophysiology, Diagnostic Investigations, and Prognosis

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Today we will discuss about mitral stenosis. More specifically, we will be discussing about the basic concepts regarding heart valves, structure of mitral valve, causes of mitral stenosis and clinical features of mitral stenosis. In the next article we will discuss in details about the investigations, treatment, complications of mitral stenosis and many more topics

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Atrial fibrillation is a common type of cardiac rhythm disturbance occurring in 1-2% of the general population and 5-15% of patients over 75 years of age. It is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation is a complex arrhythmia characterized by both abnormal automatic firing and the presence of multiple interacting re-entry circuits looping around the atria. Any conditions causing raised atrial pressure, increased atrial muscle mass, atrial fibrosis, inflammation and infiltration of the atrium can cause atrial fibrillation.