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Saturday, October 1, 2011

Acute Diarrhoea - Symptoms, Causes, Types of acute diarrhea

Acute Diarrhea:

Extremely common and a predominant sign of infective gastroenteritis.

Symptoms of acute diarrhea:

1. Urgency of defecation

2. Faecal incontinence

Causes of acute diarrhea:

1. Infective acute diarrhea:

Transmission of infection by the fecal-oral route and transmitted either on fomites, on contaminated hands, or in food or water.

2. Non-infective acute diarrhea:

1. Plant toxins present in legumes and beans

2. Chemical toxins

            -Paralytic shellfish toxin
            -Ciguatera fish poisoning
            -Scombrotoxic fish poisoning
            -Heavy metals like thallium and cadmium

3. Drug associated diarrhea:

The drugs are:

            - Antibiotics, especially the broad spectrum antibiotics(most common)
            - Proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole
            - Non steroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin
            - Cytotoxic drugs.

One important point:

Infective diarrhea is short lived and usually lasts for less than 10 days. Patient with diarrhea lasting more than 10 days rarely have an infective cause.


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Note: In the making of the above article, following books were used:

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